The structure and essence of independent work of pupil

The business of independent work depends largely regarding the outcomes of pupils learning and their future practical activities. Separate work of pupils is a tremendously broad concept, in the interpretation of which various approaches had been formed, that is as a result of variations in knowing the essence for this phenomenon.

Frequently, independent tasks are regarded as a split kind of training, along with:

  • a lecture,
  • a seminar,
  • practical classes, etc.

Different methods to independent work of pupils

At the same time, its crucial features consider compulsory classes in the assigned time routine for the college time, work minus the direct participation associated with the teacher, however for the required control. According to other statements, separate work involves all active psychological activity of pupils when you look at the educational procedure, may be the interior foundation of interaction between differing kinds and types of occupation among themselves. Considering separate work as the key way of gaining knowledge, adherents for this approach argue so it covers cognitive activity, which students perform not only in extracurricular, but additionally in lectures, seminars, specific interviews, tests, examinations, during protection of coursework, diploma documents, etc. This is certainly, separate work, in accordance with this eyesight, encompasses a variety and types of the educational process.

In essence, separate work is a working mental activity of the pupil linked to the execution of an exercise task. The clear presence of a task and a target installation on its execution are thought to be characteristic signs and symptoms of independent work. The tasks that pupils have to tackle within their educational tasks are those that concern them:

  • assimilation for the product regarding the topic, which will be considered in the lecture (make use of the abstract of this lecture, recommended by the educational literature);
  • summarizing of fundamental works according to the curriculum program;
  • solving tasks, carrying out experiments, experiments, and so on;
  • planning of abstracts, control works, fixed performances (reports) at the lesson;
  • preparation needless to say, diploma, master’s works.

All those aspects of the educational procedure are independent work, because students perform them to some extent individually, in non-auditing time.

Phases of separate work of pupil

Independent tasks are an academic activity for the pupil, directed at studying and learning the materials for the subject with no direct participation associated with teacher.

Independent work on the fulfillment of this research task encompasses three stages.

  1. Planning regarding the student when it comes to task, theoretical, psychological, organizational, methodological and logistical help of separate work.
  • The student’s theoretical readiness is manifested inside the intellectual readiness, that is, the ability to use his knowledge towards the task.
  • Practical readiness may be the capability to optimally plan an unbiased work, skillfully make use of the summary of lectures, textbooks, manuals, computer, psychological operations (analysis, synthesis, contrast, generalization, category, etc.).
  • The student’s psychological readiness presupposes, to begin with, the clear presence of motives for performing a particular task. To enable the job set before the pupil in order to become the motive of his mental, practical activity, it should be observed by him. The interior perception associated with the task starts with an actualization of this motive, which encourages the student to do the duty, and, appropriately, to arrange their very own separate work.
  • The prosperity of the preparatory phase is dependent upon the organizational, methodological, material and technical help for the student’s independent work (availability of literary works, methodological tips, artistic helps, information and computer base, etc.).
  1. Direct execution for the study project. Here is the most crucial & most accountable phase within the pupil’s separate work. Since the educational task & most often happens into the educational-cognitive kind, along the way of their execution involved all psychological processes that offer cognitive task: sensation, perception, imagination, memory, thinking, attention, etc. The potency of the task is impacted by such individual characteristics regarding the pupil as dedication, persistence, responsibility, etc.
  2. Analysis for the completed task is the last phase of independent work. Throughout the analysis, the student evaluates (by self-control, often inter-control) the standard and time of the task, the efficiency associated with the techniques and tools used in the entire process of independent work.